Directions (1-10): In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer.
1) if only conclusion I follows.
2) if only conclusion II follows.
3) if either conclusion I or II follows.
4) if neither conclusion I nor II follows.
5) if both conclusions I and II follow.
1. Statements: Some precious are stones.
Some stones are diamonds.
Conclusions: I. At least some diamonds are precious.
II.No diamond is precious.
2. Statements: Some cookies are cakes.
No pastry is a cookie.
Conclusions: I.All cakes being cookies is a possibility.
II.Some cakes are pastries.
3. Statements: All plates are cups.
All glasses are cups.
Conclusions: I. Some glasses being plates is a possibility.
II.Some cups are plates.
4. Statements: All doors are windows.
Some windows are gates.
Conclusions: I. Some doors are gates.
II.All doors being gates is a possibility.
5. Statements: No book is a copy.
No copy is a pen.
Conclusions: I. All books are copies.
II.Some copies being books is a possibility.
6. Statements: No bank is a school.
Some schools are colleges.
Conclusions: I.Some colleges are definitely not schools.
II.All banks being colleges is a possibility.
7. Statements: Some carts are trolleys.
All baskets are trolleys.
Conclusions: I.At least some baskets are carts.
II.All trolleys are baskets.
(8-10): Statements:All fruits are vegetables.
All vegetables are plants.
No plant is a root.
8. Conclusions: I.All fruits are plants.
II.No root is a vegetable.
9. Conclusions: I.No fruit is a root.
II.At least some roots are vegetables.
10. Statements: Some calculators are phones.
No phone is an eraser.
Conclusions: I.No calculator is an eraser
II.Some calculators are definitely not phones.