January 26, 1978, Forty Years Ago: President’s Speech
While everyone is entitled to freedom of expression in appropriate forums, no one should be permitted to drag each and every issue to the streets, excite dormant passions, advocate disrespect for law and order and incite violence, President Sanjiva Reddy said
President Sanjiva Reddy, in his Republic Day message to the nation, expressed serious concern over attempts by some frustrated and desperate elements who, he said, “are determined to scuttle (बिगाड़ना) the principles of our democratic way of life and destroy the very fabric of our secular society”. While everyone is entitled to freedom of expression in appropriate forums, no one should be permitted to drag each and every issue to the streets, excite (उकसाना) dormant passions, advocate disrespect for law and order and incite (प्रवृत्त करना) violence, Reddy said. He said a policy of unwarranted confrontation (सामना) backed by provocative (उकसाने वाला) action on the slighest pretext (अपदेश) is a challenge we as citizens of a free country need to face with determination. “Let not a few misguided and disgruntled (ग़ुस्सैल) sections of society imagine that they can hold the rest of us, law-abiding citizens, to ransom.” And he warned, “Swift and stern action will be taken against any one acting in a manner judicial to national interest.”
Focus On Cong Flag
The Home Minister has proposed that the Congress party flag be replaced because it resembles the national flag. In a communication to the Law Ministry, Charan Singh has said it is very confusing for the police and the public and that the authorities have found it difficult to distinguish between the Congress flag and the national flag. Both the Congress flag and the national flag are a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. However, in the centre of the white band of the national flag, there is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra, a design that appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of the Mauryan emperor, Asoka. Before the 1952 elections, the Socialist Party of India had raised objection against the use of the tricolour flag by the Congress, but at that time the Election Commission paid no heed to the objection.
- Scuttle: Run hurriedly or furtively with short quick steps.
Synonyms: scamper, scurry, scramble, bustle, skip, trot, hurry, hasten, make haste, rush, race, dash, run, sprint
Anotnyms: crawl, creep, poke
- Excite: Cause (someone) to feel very enthusiastic and eager.
Synonyms: thrill, exhilarate, animate, enliven, rouse, stir, move, stimulate, galvanize, electrify, fire the imagination of, fire the enthusiasm of
Antonyms: deject, demoralize, discourage, dishearten, dispirit, bore, jade, pall, tire, weary
- Incite: Encourage or stir up (violent or unlawful behaviour)
Synonyms: stir up, whip up, work up, encourage, fan the flames of, stoke up, fuel, kindle, ignite, inflame, stimulate, instigate, provoke, excite, arouse, awaken, waken, inspire, trigger, spark off, ferment, foment, agitate against, agitate for
Antonyms: bridle, check, constrain, curb, discourage, hold, inhibit, regulate, rein (in), restrain, tame, allay, calm, quiet, settle, soothe, still, subdue, tranquilize
- Confrontation: A hostile or argumentative situation or meeting between opposing parties.
Synonyms: conflict, clash, brush, fight, battle, contest, encounter, head-to-head, face-off, engagement, tangle, skirmish, collision, meeting, duel, incident, high noon
Antonyms: concord, harmony, peace
- Provocative: Causing anger or another strong reaction, especially deliberately.
Synonyms: annoying, irritating, exasperating, infuriating, provoking, maddening, goading, vexing, galling
Antonyms: noninflammatory, subduing
- Pretext: A reason given in justification of a course of action that is not the real reason.
Synonyms: excuse, false excuse, ostensible reason, alleged reason, plea, supposed grounds
- Disgruntled: Angry or dissatisfied.
Synonyms: dissatisfied, discontented, aggrieved, resentful, fed up, displeased, unhappy, disappointed, disaffected, malcontent
Antonyms: content, contented, gratified, pleased, satisfied