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The Indian Express Editorial Vocabulary

The Indian Express Vocab 15th Jan 2018

Terms of endearment

Greater engagement with the US is welcome, but India must be careful not to imperil (खतरे में डालना) its strategic flexibility

US Ambassador Kenneth Juster’s proposal, to have India and the US post “reciprocal military liaison (सहकार) officers at each other’s combatant (योद्धा) commands”, is of great import for both countries. In a sense, it seems part of the trajectory (प्रक्षेपपथ) of growing strategic ties ever since the BJP government came to power in May 2014.

The two countries signed the foundational military agreement, Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), two years ago, and the Barack Obama administration designated India a Major Defence Partner, hardcoding it into an act of the US Congress. President Donald Trump has followed suit, not only by making the right noises about India, but also by publicly admonishing (आलोचनात्मक) and penalising Pakistan this year. Ambassador Juster’s offer promises to take the element of military cooperation between the two countries, as a component of the bilateral strategic relationship, to a new level.

The US, currently, has arrangements for military liaison officers with some of its NATO allies and close defence partners, including Australia, Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, Philippines, New Zealand and Great Britain. Posting liaison officers will mean formalising the robust (मजबूत) partnerships between the two militaries — the Pacific Command of the US defence forces could station these officers in Indian military headquarters — placing India in the orbit of America’s closest allies.

While India is not averse (विरुद्ध) to a strong partnership with any country, it has been and remains rightly opposed to any military alliance which could impinge (चोट लगना) on its strategic flexibility. Dealing with an assertive (निश्चयपूर्वक) China, as evidenced by the large number of Chinese transgressions (अतिक्रमण) into Indian territory in 2017, New Delhi needs space for geo-political maneuvre (दाँव) to secure its interests.

President Trump’s unpredictable pronouncements (घोषणा), his painting of stark oppositions of black and white, have adversely affected perceptions of America’s reliability as a partner and should make the Indian government more cautious. Moreover, India is yet to see any benefits of being designated a Major Defence Partner, with no transfer of American defence technology for making major military platforms in India actually taking place. It is perhaps for these reasons that India has refused to discuss the possibility of signing the two other foundational military agreements with the US.

As disclosed by the Army Chief, General Bipin Rawat, the proposal for posting liaison officers was being discussed between the two governments but no decision has been taken yet. New Delhi seeks greater clarity over the role and charter of these officers to understand the value and quality of information that will be shared between the two militaries.

Even as the current US administration pushes New Delhi to buy more US military platforms — Trump has made selling defence equipment a part of the official charter of US diplomats — India sees little progress on economic issues closer to its heart, the H-1B visas for Indian citizens for example. India and the US are also arrayed (तैयार रखना) on opposite sides in the WTO negotiations. New Delhi would be fully justified in seeking greater economic concessions from the Trump administration before considering any military arrangements with the US.


  1. Imperil: to place in danger
    Synonyms: adventure, compromise, gamble (with), hazard, endanger, jeopard, jeopardize, menace, peril, risk, venture
    Antonyms: guard, protect, shelter, shield, preserve, resume, save
  2. Liaison: the fact or state of having something in common
    Synonyms: affinity, association, bearing, kinship, connection, linkage, relation, relationship
    Antonyms: incompatibility, incongruence, incongruity, incongruousness, variability, variance
  3. Combatant: A person or nation engaged in fighting during a war.
    Synonyms: fighter, fighting man, fighting woman, soldier, serviceman, servicewoman, warrior, trooper
  4. Trajectory: The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.
    Synonyms: course, route, path, track, line, orbit, flight, flight path, ambit, direction, bearing, orientation, way, tack, approach
  5. Admonishing: serving as or offering a warning
    Synonyms: cautionary, admonitory, cautioning, exemplary, monitory, premonitory, warning
    Antonyms: advise, reprimand, forewarn, call down, berate, censure, upbraid, growl
  6. Robust: having active strength of body or mind
    Synonyms: dynamic, energetic, flush, gingery, lusty, peppy, red-blooded, vigorous, vital
    Antonyms: dull, lethargic, listless, sluggish, torpid, impotent, powerless, prostrate, prostrated, sapped, tired
  7. Averse: having a natural dislike for something
    Synonyms: allergic, antipathetic
    Antonyms: friendly, sympathetic, tolerant, understanding, admiring, appreciative, charmed, delighted, fond, pleased, tickled
  8. Impinge: to come into usually forceful contact with something
    Synonyms: bang, bash, bump, collide, crash, impact, hit, knock, ram, slam, smash, strike, swipe, thud
    Antonyms: miss, skirt
  9. Assertive: having or showing a bold forcefulness in the pursuit of a goal
    Synonyms: ambitious, aggressive, enterprising, fierce, go-getting, high-pressure, in-your-face, militant, pushy, self-asserting, self-assertive
    Antonyms: bashful, demure, diffident, humble, lowly, meek, mild, modest, mousy (or mousey), overmodest, passive, quiet, reserved, retiring, shy, subdued, timid, unobtrusive, ambitionless, low-pressure, non assertive, unaggressive, unambitious, unassertive, unenterprising
  10. Transgressions: a failure to uphold the requirements of law, duty, or obligation
    Synonyms: contravention, infraction, infringement, breach, trespass, violation
    Antonyms: non infringement, non violation, observance
  11. Manoeuvre: to deal with (something) usually skillfully or efficiently
    Synonyms: address, contend (with), cope (with), field, grapple (with), hack, manage, handle, manipulate, negotiate, play, swing, take, treat
    Antonyms: botch, bungle, foozle, fumble, goof (up), louse up, mess (up), mishandle, muff, scamp
  12. Pronouncements: A formal or authoritative announcement or declaration.
    Synonyms: announcement, proclamation, declaration, formal statement, assertion, judgement, ruling, adjudication, decree, edict, ordinance, dictum, promulgation, deliverance
    Antonyms: concealment
  13. Arrayed: An impressive display or range of a particular type of thing.
    Synonyms: exhibition, exposition, exhibit, arrangement, presentation, demonstration
    Antonyms: conceal, destroy, disorganize, cover, disorder



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