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English Quiz: RC for SBI PO/CLERK/IDBI & Other Bank Exams

Q1-10. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions.

Across the Earth’s oceans, trillions of jellyfish are on the move, building in huge swarms. In Japan, the government and fishermen are fighting back, killing jellyfish by the thousands but more just keep appearing. Jellyfish are attracted to polluted waters around Tokyo harbor, Sydney Australia, Miami Florida and every coastal city around the world. There the jellyfish can scavenge and feed on large numbers of dead fish and have little or no predators (very few fish eat jellyfish, which are highly toxic). Combined with climate change and warmer waters it has resulted in a sudden spike in jellyfish numbers, literally in the trillions, and it is causing havoc with the world’s fishing industry.

Jellyfish are semi-transparent and feed on other fish, scavenge food and using their poisonous tentacles to stun their prey. They are responsible for thousands of human deaths every year from their poisonous tentacles and those numbers are rising every year. There are about 70 different breeds of jellyfish that are poisonous to humans and they kill approx. 1000 times more frequently than all shark attacks combined.There is no all-purpose anti-venom against jellyfish venom as it contains (usually) at least two or three different types of venom: Hemotoxin, which destroys blood cells and the heart (victims usually die due to cardiac arrest), a neurotoxin which attacks the brain, and a third toxin which attacks the nervous system, causing extreme pain and paralysis.

The scary thing is jellyfish have existed on earth long before dinosaurs or humans did. They have evolved for millions of years, and contrary to popular belief, are not stupid or blind. They don’t have a brain to store memories in, but instead do all their thinking with a “nerve net” located in its epidermis. They can sense their surroundings and some species can even see color (and have 24 tiny sensory eyes) and are highly evolved to be both inedible and highly deadly.The most deadly variety is the Irukandji jellyfish, which is originally from Australia but has since spread all over the globe. It is a very tiny jellyfish with 3 or 4 tentacles, but its venom makes it the most venomous creature in the world. There are several different subspecies, but all appear to be deadly.

In recent years the numbers of jellyfish across the globe have been rising steadily, especially in areas where climate change and warmer waters has caused many fish to lose their habitats. The jellyfish, the great scavengers of the sea, have been eating the remains of these fish and growing in large numbers.
So-called “dead zones” near coastal cities where coral reefs have died off due to heavy water pollution has also caused jellyfish numbers to skyrocket, along with jellyfish related deaths.

Q.1 Which of the following would be the most appropriate title of the above passage?

  1. Polluted waters attracting jellyfish
  2. Jellyfish and venoms attack
  3. Jellyfish Swarms feeding on Polluted Waters
  4. Most venomous jellyfish in the world
  5. Species of Jellyfish across the nation

Q.2 Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

(A) The most deadly variety is the Irukandji jellyfish, which is originally from Australia but has since spread all over the globe.

(B) The scary thing is jellyfish have existed on earth long before dinosaurs or humans did.

(C) Jellyfish are attracted to polluted waters around Tokyo harbor, Sydney Australia, Miami Florida and every coastal city around the world

1. Only A

  1. Only B
  2. Both A and B
  3. All A, B and C
  4. None of them

Q.3 Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

(A) the jellyfish can not scavenge and feed on large numbers of dead fish

(B) water pollution has also caused jellyfish numbers to skyrocket, along with jellyfish related deaths

(C) Jellyfish is a very tiny jellyfish with 3 or 4 tentacles

  1. Only A
  2. Only B
  3. Both A and C
  4. All A, B and C
  5. None of them

Q.4 What are the factors of venoms, which Jellyfish contains?

(A) Hemotoxin, which destroys blood cells and the heart.

(B) A neurotoxin which attacks the brain, and a third toxin which attacks the nervous system.

(C) It can cause extreme pain and paralysis.

  1. Only A
  2. Only B
  3. Both A and C
  4. All A, B and C
  5. None of them

Q.5 Choose the word most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.

EVOLVED

  1. Excogitated
  2. Elaborated
  3. Diminished
  4. Enlarged
  5. Expanded

Q.6 Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

(A) There the jellyfish can scavenge and feed on large numbers of dead fish.

(B) Combined with climate change and warmer waters it has resulted in a sudden spike in jellyfish numbers.

(C) There is no all-purpose anti-venom against jellyfish venom as it contains at least four or five different types of venom.

  1. Only A
  2. Only C
  3. Both A and B
  4. All A, B and C
  5. None of them

Q.7 Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

(A) So-called “dead zones” near coastal cities where coral reefs have died off due to heavy water pollution

(B) There are several different subspecies, but all appear to be deadly

(C) The species can sense their surroundings and some species can even see water

1. Only A

  1. Only C
  2. Both A and B
  3. All A, B and C
  4. None of them

Q.8 Choose the word mostSIMILARin meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.

LITERALLY

1. Veritably

  1. Loosely
  2. Figuratively
  3. Doubtfully
  4. Simply

Q.9 Choose the word most OPPOSITEin meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.

SCAVENGE

1. Rush

  1. Neglect
  2. Drown
  3. Lurk
  4. Patrol

Q.10 Choose the word most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold, as used in the passage.

INEDIBLE

1. Appetizing

  1. Edible
  2. Comestible
  3. Delicious
  4. Spoiled
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