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English: Cloze Test for SBI PO & Other Bank Exams

Q.1-5): In the following passage, one or two words have been left out in some of the sentences shown by blank spaces, each of which is indicated by a series of numbers. Find the suitable word from the given options marked as (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) against each number and fill up the numbered blanks with the appropriate option to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

The central bank was not expected to tinker with key policy rates in its first monetary policy review of 2017-18 unveiled on Thursday, following its decision to shift from ____ (1) ____ to a neutral monetary policy stance in February. The Monetary Policy Committee chaired by Reserve Bank of India Governor Urjit Patel has, in fact, decided to raise the rate at which the central bank borrows funds from banks (the reverse repo rate) by 25 basis points, from 5.75% to 6%, while leaving other policy rates ____ (2) ____. This marginal change is aimed at ___ (3) ___ out from the system excess liquidity that remains a ____ (4) ____ concern, despite coming off its peak in the aftermath of the demonetisation exercise.

The RBI has also proposed a new liquidity management tool that awaits government approval, making the draining of surplus liquidity a critical priority all through this year. The efficacies of the RBI’s liquidity management toolkit will _____ (5) ____ another key concern: inflation, which is expected to climb to 5% by the second half of this fiscal. The RBI says achieving the stated target of 4% inflation even next year could be challenging, with no “lucky disinflationary forces” expected, such as benign commodity and oil prices. It has also pointed to a one-time upside risk to inflation with the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax.

Q.1) a) a pre-emptive

b) a preventive

c) a defensive

d) an accommodative

e) an aggressive

Q.2) a) affected

b) increased

c) untouched

d) decreased

e) harmed

Q.3) a) sucking

b) knock

c) coming

d) slapping

e) repelled

Q.4) a) major

b) perspective

c) preview

d) fleeting

e) lingering

Q.5) a) exposed to

b) impinge on

c) act on

d) prevail to

e) similar to

Q.6-10): In the following passage, one or two words have been left out in some of the sentences shown by blank spaces, each of which is indicated by a series of numbers. Find the suitable word from the given options marked as (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) against each number and fill up the numbered blanks with the appropriate option to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

As leaders at the World Trade Organisation’s 11th biennial Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires seek to define the future ____ (6) ___of multilateral global trade, the challenges the U.S. has mounted on the institution are impossible to ignore. Notable among the proposals trade ministers will consider are those relating to new rules on farm subsidies, the elimination of support for unsustainable fisheries, and the regulation of e-commerce. With the backing of more than 100 countries, a joint proposal from India and China to eliminate the most trade-distorting farm subsidies worth $160 billion in several industrialised economies is arguably the most ___ (7) ____agenda item at the Ministerial.

The two countries see this as a prerequisite to address the prevailing imbalance in the Agreement on Agriculture, which unfairly benefits developed countries. But host Argentina has cautioned that the joint proposal could potentially ____ (8) ____ negotiations. Lending credence to such scepticism is the lukewarm stance the U.S. has adopted towards the WTO over the past year, suggesting that the Ministerial meet should serve as a forum for ____ (9) ____rather than to shape substantive agreements. The other major dispute centres on finding a so-called permanent solution to the large subsidies that _____ (10) ____ public stock-holding programmes to bolster food security in the developing world.

Q.6) a) stimulations

b) exhilaration

c) contours

d) expeditions

e) methods

Q.7) a) contentious

b) appropriate

c) fitting

d) decent

e) civilized

Q.8) a) ignored

b) accepting

c) transferring

d) unravel

e) desolate

Q.9) a) advertise

b) login

c) announce

d) promote

e) reflection

Q.10) a) maintained

b) underpin

c) analysing

d) looking

e) locks

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