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English: Cloze Test for SBI/IDBI & Other Bank Exams

Directions (Q.1-5):  In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage, against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has _______(1)______ to its recommendation _______(2)_______ free data to consumers in a non-discriminatory manner by third-party aggregators while agreeing with the telecom department’s views that government money can be used for connectivity rather than supporting free data scheme to rural ________(3)________. The regulator noted that data had become affordable due to a tariff war in the telecom sector, and that “concern with regard to availability of affordable data services has been mitigated.” “The authority tends to agree with the views of DoT (Department of Telecom) that a larger focus is ________(4)_______ on connectivity, content availability in local language and digital literacy. The resources could therefore be effectively ________(5)_________ to address the said issues,” TRAI said responding to the telecom department’s views on its free data recommendations.

1. (a) upheld

(b) stuck

(c) struck

(d) stacked

(e) none of these

2. (a) of allowing

(b) to allow

(c) to allowing

(d) allowing

(e) none of these

3. (a) households

(b) subscribers

(c) consumers

(d) people

(e) none of these

4. (a) needing

(b) required

(c) asking

(d) creating

(e) none of these

5. (a) utilized

(b) arranged

(c) provided

(d) prevented

(e) none of these

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Q.6-10. In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
The Society for Less Investigative Medicine, initiated by All India Institute of Medical Sciences doctors, fights unnecessary tests _(6)_to patients. This is commendable and urgently required. India’s healthcare sector, potentially a revenue source via medical tourism, is instead gaining the reputation of being one of the most dishonest in the world — Transparency International even ranks healthcare as the second most corrupt institution Indians encounter after police. Prescribing unnecessary tests at facilities giving doctors commissions in cash or kind is a powerful _(7)_of how deep this malaise has spread.
A recent article in The British Medical Journal finds a range of tests from X-rays to MRIs, sonographies to ECGs, often boxed under package health checks, routinely prescribed to patients with no need for these. Patients endure such stress only to enrich testing centres and doctors callously consigning them to expensive, often dangerous tests. This practice reflects a crisis of _(8)_squeezed supplies. With huge gaps in doctor numbers — India has only 387 medical colleges and an average of one doctor per 1,700 people, when WHO recommending a minimum of one per 1,100 — the pressure is immense.
There is strong medicine. America is _(9)_to be the country where private healthcare runs amok, yet its Stark Law prohibits physician referrals for health services if a doctor or immediate relatives have compensatory ties with testing entities. Penalties include physicians being heavily fined or getting excluded from healthcare programmes. Similar stringency must be enforced in India, including debarring doctors guilty of prescribing unnecessary tests for private gain from medical practice.
Hospitals must also be held strictly to account for ensuring their doctors neither fall prey to — nor are forced into — such unethical practices. Further, the Medical Council of India, itself under deep suspicion after its former president was arrested for corruption, must be completely overhauled, making it transparent and accountable for its practices. If it cannot provide answers, there’s little reason for its existence. Finally, the information deficit in Indian medicine must be challenged. Most doctors assume patients are too _(10)_to question them about prescriptions. This mentality must be changed. Patients now have several powerful tools, from consumer laws to online communities, which can help approach doctors with confidence. Breaking the patina of inscrutability over medical practices can halt the cancer of corruption destroying India’s medical system.
Q.6 Choose the correct option for (6)
1. applied
2. accordance
3. cogitate
4. prescribed
5. closed
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Correct Ans: 4
 For Other Options –
cogitate- meditate
accordance- agreement
 Q.7 Choose the correct option for (7)
1. idea
2. symptom
3. system
4. warnings
5. deleterious
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Correct Ans: 2
For Other Option –
deleterious- harmful
Q.8 Choose the correct option for (8)
1. admire
2. savagely
3. maintain
4. manipulate
5. deliberately
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Q.9 Choose the correct option for (9)
1. thought
2. suggested
3. squeezed
4. cadence
5. believing
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Q.10 Choose the correct option for (10)
1. ashamed
2. submitted
3. garrulous
4. intimidated
5. annoyed
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