Q1-5. In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
India’s GDP growth could rise to 7.9 per cent because of good monsoon so far, with agriculture expected to grow by 4 per cent and consumer price inflation likely to be (1) to 5 per cent , rating agency Crisil said.Although the rainfall levels this year have been better than normal, the rainfall has not been well-distributed, leaving some places with (2) rainfall and others deficient. “Going ahead, assuming rainfall is evenly distributed across time and regions, we expect GDP growth to (3) to 7.9 per cent, agricultural growth to come in above trend at 4 per cent and CPI inflation to remain contained at 5 per cent in fiscal 2017”.“Excess rainfall in 89 districts across eight States could impact sowing and, therefore, the agricultural output for the kharif season.
Therefore, spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall (4) the second half of the season, especially in August, will be crucial.”Crisil has developed a Deficient Rainfall Impact Parameter (DRIP) index, which measures the impact of rainfall levels on each crop across geographic regions.“The crop-wise DRIP scores are lower (better) than the average of the last six years. Also, compared with last year, coarse cereals, soybean, groundnut and pulses such as tur are doing better.
Even rice, which was slightly worse (5) than last year as of last week, has caught up and improved.”
The Crisil analysis shows that rainfall was deficient in the middle of June in all regions except for the southern peninsula. However, the situation has dramatically improved since then. “Latest data shows rainfall is normal or above normal in all regions barring the east and northeast, which account for 16 per cent of total food grain production in India,” according to the report. “However, rainfall has not been well distributed,” it said.
Q.1 Choose the correct option for (1)
Q.2 Choose the correct option for (2)
Q.3 Choose the correct option for (3)
Q.4 Choose the correct option for (4)
Q.5 Choose the correct option for (5)
Q6-10. In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Such an attitude comes from a problematic trend that has been called “Internet exceptionalism”, whereby the Internet is considered to be some kind of uniquely regulation-free zone. The problem is, Internet activists (6) Net neutrality are often themselves guilty of it. The ‘Save the Internet’ campaign, by far the most active group in the Net neutrality struggles, declared in its first submission on the issue to the regulator last year that “no new regulatory framework in the telecom sector is required for Internet services and apps — and no such regulation should come into effect in future either”.
These Internet activists are now faced with a (7) situation when the regulator, as they themselves urged it to do earlier, is making a distinction between regulating the telcos and regulating “Internet services and apps”. This will result in people getting a non-Net-neutral Internet now through an Internet platform instead of a telco one. This group’s new submission now argues that whether Net neutrality violation is done by telcos or by an Internet platform it should be banned, apparently reversing their earlier stand.
Laws and regulations should govern for social outcomes, and not just technology or business processes. It is high time that we (8) up the telecom-Internet distinction. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India is the regulator for our communication infrastructure and systems. Many Internet services and apps fit this description as much as a telephone network does. Communication systems of the society are of such special social significance as to require committed regulation and not just be treated as ordinary market goods.
Having banned Free Basics-like content discrimination services when involving a Telco, it is (9) to now propose to allow the same by Internet companies directly. This attempt to bring back the much-detested Free Basics through the backdoor, by making an (10) distinction between telecom and ‘Internet services’, is the right opportunity for us to get out of this wrong binary regulatory mind-set.
Q.6 Choose the correct option for (6)
Q.7 Choose the correct option for (7)
Q.8 Choose the correct option for (8)
Q.9 Choose the correct option for (9)
Q.10 Choose the correct option for (10)