Directions (1-10): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are again printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Mr. Chamberlain had come to get gift to thirty-five million pounds from South Africa and to win the hearts of Englishmen and Boers. So he gave a ...(1)... shoulder to the Indian deputation. ‘You know’, he said, that the Imperial Government has little control over self-governing colonies. Your grievances seem to be genuine. I shall do what I can, but you must try your ...(2)... to placate the ‘Europeans, if you wish to live in their midst’. The reply cast a chill over the members of the ...(3).… I was also disappointed.
It was an eye opener for us all, and I saw that we should start with our work do novo. I ...(4)... the situation to my colleagues. As a matter of fact there was nothing wrong about Mr. Chamberlain’s reply. It was well that he did not mince ...(5)... He had brought home to us in a rather gentle way the rule of might being ...(6)..., or the law of the sword. But sword we had none. We ...(7)... had the nerve and the muscle even to receive sword-cuts. Mr. Chamberlain had given only a short time to the sub-continent. If Sri Nagar to Cape Comorin is 1,900 miles, Durban to Cape town is not less than 1,100 miles, and Mr. Chamberlain had to cover the long distance at hurricane speed. From Natal he hastened to the Transvaal. I had to prepare the case for the Indians there as well and ...(8)… it to him. But how was I to get to Pretoria? Our people there were not in a position to ...(9)... the necessary legal facilities for my getting to them in time. The war had reduced the Transvaal to a howling wilderness. There were neither provisions nor clothing available. Empty or closed shops were there, waiting to be ...(10)… or opened, but that was a matter of time.
Directions (11-20): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. (Asked in Central Bank of India PO Exam 2010)
Hundreds of plants and animals are (11) every day due to deforestation and urbanization. What might happen if this continues in the future? The last mass extinction of plant and animal species occurred 65 million years ago with the dinosaurs. In all, five mass extinctions have occurred and scientists (12) earth is in the sixth mass extinction. The world as it is now is threatened, including people, who are responsible for earth’s (13). Pesticides contaminating water; overharvesting of animals and plants; air pollution; illegal fishing and the clearing of land are direct results of urbanization and deforestation. People have (14) and damaged almost half of earth’s land, at a very unsustainable rate.
Global warming is having a serious impact as well. A six- degree Celsius increase in global temperature killed 95% of all species on Earth 251 million years ago. An increase of six- degree Celsius is forecast this century if a change is not made to (15)
the damage done to earth. Humans will be one of the 95% of species lost. Noticeable, changes of global warming include migration (16)
and the change in season timings. Migrating birds are migrating earlier which in turn is causing them to hatch eggs and (17)
young earlier than they did at the beginning of this century. While this is just the tip of the iceberg many other (18)
regarding the extinction of plant and animal species need addressing. It is more important now than ever before to pull our heads out of the sand and make changes for the (19)
of the earth. Future generations are (20)
, as they are a species as well.